Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy also known as diabetic eye disease, is when damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes. It can eventually lead to blindness.
It is an ocular manifestation of diabetes, a systemic disease, which affects up to 80 percent of all patients who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. Despite these intimidating statistics, research indicates that …

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Presbyopia

It is an age-related disorder caused by a loss of focusing power in the eyes. As a result of Presbyopia, nearsighted people may need to add bifocals to their corrective lenses, and some people who have never had to wear glasses before may need to start wearing reading glasses. Some people with mild nearsightedness may only need to …

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Astigmatism

The distortion of light as it passes through the cornea is known as Astigmatism. The astigmatic eye has a cornea which is not perfectly smooth and spherical, with equal curvature on all sides. Because the astigmatic eye is not round, but shaped more like a football, there is a distortion or tilting of images due to asymmetric bending …

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Nearsightedness

Myopia is the medical term for ”nearsightedness”, a condition in which the eyes can see close objects but not distant objects. It is usually an inherited trait and is oftentimes found in children between the ages of 8 and 12. Myopia increases as children grow, leveling off in adulthood. Myopia less commonly manifests itself in adulthood. It is …

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Farsightedness

The opposite condition to myopia is Hyperopia (farsightedness). Instead of an ability to see near objects better than far, the hyperopic eye sees far objects better than near. The hyperopic eye is a shortened oval, as compared to a normal eye. This shortness causes light to focus behind the retina, causing the perception of a blurred image.

Treatment

Various …

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Dry eyes

What causes it?

Caused for dry eyes is a lack of tear production. Tears normally keep the eyes moistened and lubricated. However, stinging, burning, dryness, and redness will result if enough tears are not produced to keep the eyes wet and comfortable. While discomfort is the primary result of the condition, infection and corneal scarring may occur …

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Ptosis

A person with ptosis cannot lift one or both of their eyelids all the way, usually because of a malformed eyelid-lifting muscle. The affected eyelid may droop only slightly, or it may droop enough to partially or completely cover the pupil, restricting or obscuring vision. Ptosis may be inherited, be present at birth, or occur later in life. …

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Floaters

They are also called Muscae volitantes (from the Latin, meaning “flying flies”), or mouches volantes (from the French). They may appear as spots, threads, which float slowly before the observer’s eyes. The common type of floater, which is present in most people’s eyes, is due to degenerative changes of the vitreous humour. The perception of floaters is known …

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Uveitis

It is specifically refers to inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, termed the “uvea” but in common usage may refer to any inflammatory process involving the interior of the eye.

It requires an urgent referral and thorough examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist along with urgent treatment to control the inflammation

Symptoms

Increased sensitivity to light;
Blurring of vision;
Pain …

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Amblyopia (lazy eye)

It is the medical term for poor visual development, usually in one eye and usually occurring in the early stages of life. In most cases, it is caused by lack of use of one eye when the brain ”favors” one eye over the other. Amblyopia is essentially a disorder of the brain cells that control the vision in …

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